On 18th September, 1839 Charles & Naomi HUNT and four children, set sail from London on the ship Adelaide with The New Zealand Company, which was set up to
assist migrants to NZ. The family originally came from town of Eastbourne, Sussex, England. They settled in Wellington where they became butchers and merchants and
eventually run-holders in the Wairarapa and Manawatu. Nearly all Luxfords in New Zealand are descended from this original emigrant family.
The Adelaide brought out 176 migrants - arriving in Port Nicholson [Wellington]on 7th March 1840 being 171 days out from London. She was the largest of the first five ships
that brought the immigrants to early Wellington. This included Officials of the New Zealand Company. Although she left London on the 18th September, the same day as the
Aurora, she didn't get away from Falmouth until the 30th. Teneriffe was reached on the 14th October and she spent a couple of days at Santa Cruz where the passengers
were allowed on shore. The Equator was crossed on the 14th November and on December 20th Adelaide reached Capetown where she remained until News Year's day.
After resuming their journey, New Zealand was sighted on 1st March, called at Port Hardy and was instructed to carry on to Port Nicholson. The Adelaide dropped anchor at
Petone on the 7th March in a storm of thunder, lightening and rain, 171 days out from London. Not long afterwards, however, it was decided that a better site for the new
township would be Thorndon on the other side of the harbour and the Adelaide together with all her passengers were removed there.
| 'WILL WATCH'
Mark Newth b 1802 and his cousin Robert Newth b 1811 emmigrated on the Will Watch. The wives and children followed in Feb 1842 on the 'Lloyds' which has the worst
record of any immigrant ship in NZ for deaths on the journey.
During the 1841 period, new settlements sprang up on both islands of New Zealand. Three ships were dispatched from England to carry out a survey for the new Nelson
settlement. The barques Whitby, Will Watch and the brig Arrow left with 59 officials and labourers. The Will Watch sailed from Gravesend under Captain WALKER on 27
April 1841 and carried 45 labourers, while the cargo hold of the Arrow was packed with stores of all kinds for the settlers. The first two vessels sailed on the 2nd May, 1841
from Gravesend but the Arrow did not get away until the 21st. All three vessels arrived at Port Nicholson where there was some argument over the site. The expedition
crossed Cook Strait to explore the district, when it was finally agreed that the settlement would be located in the S.E. corner of Wakatu Bay. The 'Will Watch' arrived into
Nelson, Marlborough on 4 November 1841
Marcus John Tostevin [Mark Hart] arrived in Sydney, New South Wales Australia on the steamship 'Warratah' on 25th December, 1908. He
sailed from London 5 November 1908, on the Waratah's maiden voyage, along with 689 passengers in third class accommodation and 67
first class passengers. Her captain was Joshua E. Ilbery, a master with 30 years nautical experience. The subsequent inquiry into her
sinking raised some disputed reports of instability on this voyage. On the ship's return to England there had been some discussion about
stowage between the owners and the builders.
On 27 April 1909, the Waratah set out on her second trip to Australia. This was uneventful, and on 1 July 1909 she set out from Melbourne
on the return journey. The Waratah then left Durban South Africa on 26 July with 211 passengers and crew. The Waratah was expected to
reach Cape Town on 29 July 1909. It never reached its destination, and no trace of the ship was ever found
| 'PRINCE OF WALES'
Thomas Chapman, his Wife, Mary Ann [nee Hicks] and seven children, emmigrated on the 'Prince of Wales' 582 tons Thjeir one year old infant daughter, Mary Ann Infant
died on route in Sulawesi Tengah, Indonesia. The 'Prince of Wales' departed Gravesend, London and arrived at Nelson, 31st December, 1842 and landed 203 immigrants,
the voyage occupying 110 days - a very good passage for a vessel of 582 tons. During this year no less than nineteen ships, nearly all bearing passengers, arrived at
Letitia Maria Woods, born at sea 1863 on the Metropolis 1,082 tons, with 160 passengers, on route to New Zealand. Daughter of a
printer James and his wife Letitia Woods (nee Hounslow), they sailed from Gravesend, London 4th March 1863 - arrived at Lyttleton on
the 16th June 1863 with 160 passengers
| 'CITY OF AUCKLAND'
James and William Thompson came to New Zealand on the “City of Auckland”. Arriving at Auckland in September 1872 under the
command of Captain William Ashby, after a good passage of 95 days. Besides bringing 550 tons of general cargo, she also had on board
5 saloon, 14 third class passengers and 242 Government Immigrants.
The City of Auckland was especially built for the London-Auckland trade. She was a composite vessel, having iron framing, sheathed with
5½ inch teak, copper fastened throughout. She was specially finely fitted up. On a scroll at the break of the poop were carved the lines by
Campbell: Her path is o'er the mountain wave, Her home is on the deep.
During the voyage there was a death by drowning of Mr Milne the chief officer of the ship. He was looking over the ship side examining the
mizzen rigging when his foot slipped and fell into the sea. Although the life-boat was lowered immediately, brought on board, and not
withstanding all the medical skill could do he never recovered. He was 38 years, from Scotland, he left a widow and three children. A
collection of £10.5.0 was given to her from the passengers.
The 'Bolton's Captain, William Ashby was the most popular commanders up till 1872 and bad made the most voyages from London to
Auckland and claimed to have carried more passengers than any other commander. No passages could be called records. He considered
his passengers first and at the same time never exceeded the 100 days from London to Auckland, the average being 92 days.
Ann Newth and children and Edith Newth and children left London September 11th 1841, on the vessel 'Lloyds' of 500 tons under Captain William Green on Sept 11th
1841 arriving in Nelson on Feb 15th 1842 Due to the high number of children's deaths on board the Lloyds was nicknamed the Black Watch.
Thomas and Sarah Roil and family [including daughter Eliza Roil, who married James Hayter Jackson] emmigrated on the 'Bolton'. John and Mary Norris and family were
also abard. The 'Bolton' was an ex Man 'O War of 540 tons and left Gravesend with 350 passengers on 29th October 1841and Isle of Wight 2nd November 1841 - arriving
Nelson 15 March 1842. Though a strong ship, the notorious Bay of Biscay proved almost too much for ship and occupants. People fell down steps and slithered across
decks. A man was washed overboard, but fortunately was washed back with the next wave. Already cold and miserable, people were thrown out of their bunks and soaked
with water. Foresails were torn to ribbons and the ship's carpenters were frantic, hammering hatch covers, boarding up portholes and replacing broken rails, chairs and
After the death of her Husband, Mary Anne Thompson, her Son Alfred Thompson and daughter Mary Annie Thompson emmigrated
in 1875 on the 'Blairgowrie' landing at Lyttleton, then to Wanganui by coastal ship and finally to Sanson by horse and cart, where Alfred
joined his brothers William and James in their contracting business.
The first voyage made by this beautiful clipper ship, after being launched at Glasgow in 1875, was to Lyttleton where she landed 430
Government and fourteen saloon passengers. She sailed from London on March 26th and took her final departure from Start Point three
days later. Light and contrary winds prevailed until crossing the equator, and two heavy gales were encountered after passing the Cape.
On August 17th Stewart Island was in sight. Immediately after, a heavy N E gale was experienced, and then light winds right up to the
Peninsula. Notwithstanding these adverse conditions, the ship anchored off Lyttleton on the 24th August, seven days after sighting land,
and accomplished the passage in 83 days from Start Point. The Blairgowrie was a vessel of 1550 tons, commanded by Captain Darke.
She was built by Thomson of Glasgow and owned by Thomson and Gray. The vessel made one voyage only to New Zealand.
THE PRESS -Tuesday, 24th August. 1875
ARRIVALOF THE SHIP 'BLAIRGOWRIE
It was eleven yesterday morning when the S.S. Gazelle with the immigration and Health Officers aboard steamed from the wharf for the
Blairgowrie. On presenting alongside the Blairgowrie became evident to all that the reports regarding this fine ship had not been
exaggerated. She is a new iron ship of 1550 tow registered and was built at Glasgow by Messrs. S and S. Thompson and is, we believe,
owned by Messrs Thompson and Gray, and was chartered by Shaw, Saville and Co. for this her maiden trip. Her decks are of teak, and
her fittings include all the latest improvements; her windlass and apparatus are both patented and are similar to those on board the
Ballochmyle. The condenser is an excellent one and can easily produce 1000 gallons per diem. The saloon, though not large, is
beautifully fitted and many say that a finer ship has never visited our harbour. Captain Darke and the surgeon Superintendent Dr
Husband, who is an old friend in this province, as he occupied the same position in the Hereford last year, have gained the goodwill and
confidence of all on board, and thanks to the wise precautions taken in has been almost an unknown word on hoard. The 'tween decks
are 8ft in height and all the compartments are light and excellently ventilated calling forth the encomiums of the Health Officer; in fact we
are requested to state that an immigrant ship has never arrived in our port in a healthier or cleaner condition.
The first part of the vessel that we visited was the single woman's compartment, this was well lighted and excessively clean and the matron
Mrs. Vale and the sub-Matron Mrs. Tredrea spoke highly of the general behaviour of the girls who are nearly all domestic servants and
well suited to the requirements of the province. They seemed well contented with the attention they had received during the passage.
Sewing had been encouraged during the voyage and the articles made were distributed to the girls during our stay on board. Mrs.
Dryhurst had originally been engaged as Matron but was too sick to act and Mrs. Vale was therefore appointed to fill her place. The
married people were also very comfortably lodged and their berths were a credit to them both for neatness and cleanliness; there 'were
66 families in this part of the ship and one death occurred during the voyage, that of a little boy 18 months old from general debility. There
were two births and both the young Blairgowrie and their mothers looked well and strong. Most of the families came from the West of ENG
and are principally agricultural labourers and their children but them are representatives also of Scotland, Ireland and Wales.
The single young men are a fine able-bodied set of young fellows but their conduct did not please in as much as they seemed to have
been rather inclined to be discontented and refused on several occasions to carry out the necessary sanitary arrangements insisted on
by the Doctor. Never the less this part of the vessel was in far better orderliness in the generality of vessels. There were 125 in this
division of the ship and they are also principally agricultural labourers. Taken altogether the ship is a credit to alt concerned and we are
glad to welcome her to our port. No doubt the 444 souls she brings will be a welcome addition to our population. A sad accident happened
during the voyage. A boy named James Hamilton, an active willing lad liked by all on board, was sent up to the main stay sail on August
1st and when up at the royal masthead fell on the deck. A belaying pin penetrated the back of his head, his thigh was also broken and his
body was otherwise mutilated. Death must have been instantaneous.
On July 30th a man named William Sheehen fell overboard. Mr W. Boyd, the Chief Officer, threw a life buoy overboard which the man
caught and a boat was lowered and rescued him. The immigrants will be landed today.
Francis Tostevin, at 17 years old, emmigrated from Guernsey on the 'Athenic', lalong with 655 passengers, leaving London 14th October,
1909, arriving in Wellington. His occupation was listed as 'gardener' and his name as Frank Tostevin
Athenic, TSS, 12,232 gross ton of White Star Line operated by Shaw, Savill & Albion. Built by Harland & Wolff, Belfast in 1901 as a dual
purpose cargo / passenger ship for the New Zealand trade. Length 500ft x beam 63.3ft (152.4m x 19,29m), one funnel, four masts, twin
screw and a speed of 14 knots. There was accommodation for 121-1st, 17-2nd and 450-3rd class passengers. She was equipped with
refrigerated holds for the carriage of frozen meat. Served as a WWI troop transport. In 1928 the ship was sold to a Norwegian firm and
converted into a whaling ship and renamed Pelagos. In 1941 the ship was captured by the German raider, Pinguin, in Antarctica. The
Germans converted it into an oil tanker to refuel German U-Boats. On 24th Oct.1944 she was sunk at Kirkenes by a British sub. In 1945
the Norwegians raised and refitted it as a passenger ship where it served until 1962 when it was scrapped.
George and Ann [nee Andrews] Hill and family left London on 3rd June 1841 on the ship 'Arab' with Captain John Summers at the helm, arriving at Port Nicholson
(Wellington) on 4th October 1841. The voyage had its difficulties with the scarcity of water and nourishing food. Charlotte, their youngest child was quite ill
Extracted from the New Zealand Journal 1841 (page 136)
The Arab sailed on Thursday for Port Nicholson having on board 202 emigrants of the labouring class, and six cabin passengers. The ship having a poop for her cabin
passengers and a top-gallant forecastle for her crew, the whole of the lower deck from stem to stern, is exclusively allotted to the emigrants, and no ship has yet sailed with
such comfortable accomodation.
The wind being favourable the Arab did not bring up at Gravesend, but everything being in order, the steam-tug cast her off, and she continued her course down the river.
The passengers were in admirable spirits and cheered heartily as the tug left the ship.
Extracted from the New Zealand Journal 1841 (page 151)
The Arab unfortunately carried away her fore topmast in going down the channel and was obliged to go to Plymouth to refit, by which she was detained 4 days. The
emigrants of both these ships were selected out of a very large number of applicants and in point of health, age and character, will be an acquisition to the Colony.