EDITH ALMA EILEEN SAVELL                                          

My Grand Aunt was always known as Eileen Savell and I was privileged to know her. In the late 60’s I spent 2 weeks staying at her farm on
No 1 line,
Pohangina Valley.

I slept in a huge cast iron double bed. Attached to the roof was a light switch with a long string that terminated just above the bed pillow – no
bed side lamp. The house was full of accumulated treasure [junk] as she never threw out anything. There was a narrow track through the
lounge to the bedroom – either side of the track was piled high with newspapers, letters and furniture – you could not get into the lounge. A
glance at the newspapers showed some dating back to the WW II  [this was 20 years after the event] In the kitchen, there was a wood
burning range, on which she prepared meals. During the time I was there she made her own bread and from the house cow, made her own
butter. I can remember her telling me that the resultant butter milk was considered a treat, but I was not fooled. Outside, a flock of hens
roamed free, nesting everywhere. One of my daily jobs was to scout around and find fresh eggs – these were often hard to tell from all the
“old” eggs that were also in abundance.  The hens wandered into the house from time to time and Eileen was never too fused in shooing
them out.  She had a big russet coloured shire horse called Guy. Now Guy was not the fastest nag off the rank, but he was a cantankerous
old sod. when he got annoyed, he had a habit of standing on your foot. When you are a small boy wearing gumboots, this was excruciating.
When riding him [bareback] he also had a habit of breaking into a run and totalling ignoring any command to stop.

Eileen had an old
model A Ford coupe, with a dicky seat in the back and took this into Palmerston North for supplies. I can recall coming
back to the farm one day and stopping on the side of the road, jumping down into a ditch and collecting water cress, which we had that night
with boiled bacon bones – a mighty feed it was too

This lady was a great character and I wish I had been able to spend more time with her.

Her Father,
Charles Magnus Neilson, was of Scandinavian origin, while her Mother, Sarah Alma Brown, came from Derby, England.
Charles was a Sea Captain and on 30th April, 1883, became a
naturalised New Zealander. An accompanying Letter was also held by
him. On 31st October, 1890, he received a
Letter of recommendation from the owner of the 25 ton Ketch Amateur

She married my Grand Uncle, Alfred Leopold Savell, known as Leo. During WW I, he was in the 10th Company, 2nd Battalion, Otago
Infantry Regiment. I understand that Leo served in France, but will need to research this further.  

                                                                           Eileen's Biography in the
                                                                   "Dictionary of New Zealand Biography"        

Edith Alma Eileen (known as Eileen) Neilson was born in Lyttelton, NZ, on 31 December 1883 to Sarah Alma Brown and her husband,
Charles Magnus Neilson, a Swedish mariner. The Neilsons bought land in the Pohangina valley on the flanks of the Ruahine Range in 1887,
had it cleared and settled there in 1888. Eileen began school at Pohangina and transferred to Awahou School in 1894. While in standard
four she was put in charge of primer one in a tent beside the school. Two years later she passed her standard six certificate. After her
mother died in 1900, she worked on the farm and cared for her father and young brother Charles.

Eileen Neilson was 30 at the outbreak of the First World War. When several men from the valley enlisted, she looked for a way to get
overseas to care for them. In mid October 1915 she met
Ettie Rout at the Hotel Cecil, Wellington, and enrolled in her recently formed NZ
Volunteer Sisterhood. On 21 October she sailed on the Manuka .

Eileen Neilson was overseas for two years and three months. At first she was in the YMCA canteen at the
Esbekia (Azbakiya) gardens,
Cairo, and often worked 12-hour days organising her team of volunteers to provide sandwiches, tea and cakes for the troops on leave.
Except when she was too tired or ill from overwork she kept a diary. In December she wrote, 'three thousand served today. I have made
paste sandwiches from half past nine to half past nine except for a few intervals to drink a cup of tea and coffee and gather up dirty cups.'

In February 1916 she was transferred to the hospital at Giza and spent months on night duty. Exhausted by the heat and long hours and
suffering from an infected knee, Neilson spent some weeks in hospital herself. Her happiest times were spent with Pohangina valley soldiers
when they were on leave. Although she loved dancing and sightseeing, she firmly believed that it was wrong to marry in the unsettled times
of the war. She was quite scathing about women who spent too much time enjoying themselves socialising with the troops.

Eileen Neilson was often highly critical of Ettie Rout for committing her team of workers, who had no official status, to large enterprises
without working out the details beforehand. However, in April 1916 she wrote that while it was debatable whether or not they should have
gone there, they had certainly done good work and had cost NZ nothing. Nevertheless, 'Our own Country's officials treated us as if we were
a band of Adventuresses wicked women or some such.' She returned to NZ in 1918 bringing with her a baby whose mother, a NZ nurse, had
died in Egypt. In 1935 she was to join a delegation to the government asking for recognition of the Volunteer Sisterhood's war service; this
was refused because the organisation had not been given official approval.

Settled back on the farm, Eileen Neilson soon had everything under control. When her brother Charlie returned in 1919 the two continued
farming together. He died in 1929 and she carried on with the help of Alfred Leopold (Leo) Savell, an old school friend. On 8 July 1931 at
Awahou North they were married, and they farmed together until he died in 1940. There were no children of the marriage. From then on
there was usually one temporary employee to help, often a man on probation looking for a fresh start. In the 1940s Rangi Larkins went to
work for her and the two formed a very effective team until well into the 1960s.

Over the years the farm grew as Eileen Savell bought a further 100 acres and later inherited Leo's property of 200 acres. It was not easy
country to farm but throughout her life she enjoyed the daily tasks. Guests were always welcome and she was a lively conversationalist.
Many, however, were quite unprepared for the clutter in the house: Eileen only tidied up when necessary and spent most of her time outside
working in the garden, in the yards or on the farm. On the roads of the valley her little Ford coupe was a familiar sight as she drove into
town, went visiting her neighbours or took part in community projects. Her favourite pastime was talking over war experiences with the many
returned men in the valley with whom she always had a special link.

At the age of 82 Eileen Savell was still riding round the ewes. Although she said, 'I'm just a caretaker these days but I like to fill in my day',
neighbours recall that she
crutched and dagged sheep, helped with the fencing and stock work, and often milked her cows right up to the
last few years of her life. On the roll of honour in Awahou School her name preceded those of 38 men from the valley who served in the First
World War and in 1966, as a surviving first-day pupil, she opened the Jubilee Pool. Eileen Savell died at Feilding on 27 August 1970.

Source        Jim Lundy. 'Savell, Edith Alma Eileen - Biography', from the Dictionary of New Zealand Biography.
      Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand, updated 1-Sep-10
Edith Alma Eileen
Neilson family. Eileen on
right. Small child not
Eileen - late '60's?
Leopold [LEO] Savell,
Eileen's husband